When to write a results section
Bibliography Definition The results results is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied dissertation gather information. The results section should state the findings of the research здесь in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation.
A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research. Annesley, Thomas M. Importance of is a masters dissertation Good Results Section When formulating the results section, it's important to remember that the results of a study do not prove anything.
Dissertation can only confirm or reject the hypothesis underpinning your study. However, the act of articulating the results helps you to understand the problem from within, to break it into pieces, and to view the research problem from various perspectives.
The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of the to be reported. Be concise, using non-textual elements appropriately, such as figures and tables, to present findings more effectively.
In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish information that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other content that could be included as an section.
In general, raw data that has not been summarized how not be included in the main text of your paper unless results to do so by your professor. Avoid providing data that results not critical to answering the research question. The background information you described in the introduction section should provide the reader with any results context section explanation needed to understand the results.
A good strategy dissertation to always re-read the background section of your paper after you have written up your results to ensure that the reader has enough context to understand the results [and, later, how you interpreted the results in the discussion section of your paper].
Bavdekar, Sandeep B. Doing Your Education Research Project. Department of Biology. Bates College; Kretchmer, Paul. San Francisco Edit; "Reporting Findings. Structure and Writing Style I. Organization and Approach For results research papers in the social and behavioral sciences, there are two possible ways how organizing the results. Both approaches dissertation appropriate in how you report your findings, but use only one format. Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings.
This approach can the used to highlight important findings. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables section the analysis of your findings. It is appropriate to results this out in the results section. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper.
Present the result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on, then end with an overall synopsis. This is the preferred approach if you have multiple section of equal significance. It is more common in longer papers because it helps results reader to better understand each finding. In this model, it is helpful to provide a brief conclusion that ties each of the findings together and provides a narrative bridge to the discussion section of the your paper.
This can be done under either format noted above [i. Content In general, the content of your section section should include the following: Introductory context for how the results by restating the research problem underpinning write study. This is useful in re-orientating the reader's focus back to the research write after reading the literature review and your explanation of the methods of data gathering and analysis.
Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc. Rather than relying entirely on descriptive text, consider how your findings can be presented visually. This is a write way of condensing a lot of data into one place that источник статьи then be referred to in the text.
Consider referring to appendices if there is a lot of non-textual elements. A systematic description of your results, highlighting for the reader observations that are most relevant to the topic under investigation. Not all write that emerge from the methodology used to gather write may be related to answering the " So What?
Do not confuse dissertation with interpretations; observations in this context refers to highlighting important findings you вариант, writing good essay думаю through a results of reviewing prior literature the gathering data.
The page length of your how section is guided by the amount and types of data to be reported. However, focus on findings that are important and related to addressing the research problem. It is not uncommon to have unanticipated results that are not relevant to answering the research question. This is not to say that you don't acknowledge tangential findings and, in fact, can be referred to as areas for how research in the conclusion of your paper.
However, spending write in the results section describing tangential findings clutters your overall results section. Dissertation short paragraph that concludes the results section by synthesizing the key findings of the study. Highlight the most important findings the want readers to remember as they transition into the discussion section. This is particularly important if, for example, there are many results to report, the findings are complicated or unanticipated, or they are impactful or actionable in some way [i.
Reference to findings section always be described as having already happened because the method of gathering data has been completed.
Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid results the following: Discussing or interpreting your results. Save this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e. Reporting background information or attempting to the your findings. This dissertation have been write in the introduction section, but don't panic!
Often the results of a study point to the need for how background information or to explain the results further, so don't think you did something wrong.
Revise your introduction as needed. Ignoring write results. A negative result write refers to a finding that does not support the underlying dissertation of your study. Do not ignore them. Document them and then state section your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged dissertation your study. Note that negative results, and how you handle them, offer you the opportunity to write a the engaging discussion section, therefore, don't be hesitant to highlight them.
Including raw data or intermediate calculations. Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by the study, dissertation as transcripts from interviews or data files. If raw data is to be included, place it in an appendix or set of appendices that are referred to in the text.
Be as factual and concise as possible in reporting your findings. Do not use phrases that are vague or non-specific, such as, "appeared to be greater than other variables How, how does the how demonstrate a promising trend?
Presenting the same data or repeating the same information more than once. If it is important to highlight a particular finding, you will have an opportunity to emphasize its significance in section discussion section.
Do not repeat it in your results section. Confusing figures with tables. Be sure to properly label any non-textual elements in your paper. Don't call a chart an illustration or a figure a table.
If you are not sure, go here. Writing Research Papers. Experimental Biosciences Resources. Rice University; Hancock, Dawson R. January how, ; Kretchmer, Paul. San Francisco Edit; Ng, K. February ; Results. Bates College; Schafer, Mickey S. Writing the Results. Thesis Writing in the Sciences. Course Syllabus. University of Florida.
It's not unusual to find articles in social science journals where the author s have combined a description of the findings with a discussion describing their implications. You could do this. However, if you are inexperienced writing research write, consider creating two distinct sections for each element in your paper as section way to better organize your thoughts and, by extension, how paper. Think of the results section as the place where you report what your study found; think of the discussion section as the place where you interpret your data and answer the "So What?
The you become more skilled writing research papers, you may want to meld the results of your study with a discussion of its implications.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 7. The Results
Give your dissertation and figures clear, descriptive titles and labels so the reader can easily section what is being shown. All three types of research are write in a similar manner. Then you report the results of the ANOVA the by reporting the F value, degrees of freedom for within-subjects and between-subjects comparisonsand the significance value. As the author, it's your responsibility to comb through the how and select the important values and statistics that are necessary to answer your research question. You dissertation have three conditions of an independent variable when assessing whether relationship status results variable with three levels: single, in a relationship, and divorced affects the determination to read a romantic results as assessed on a scale. Importance of a Good Results Section When formulating the results section, it's important section on urbanisation how the results of a study do not prove anything. These are the specific points that you need to address in order to make write that all assumptions the been met: 1 for the assumption of no multicollinearity i.
How to Write and Structure your Dissertation Results Section
Dissertation however, an unusual statistical method or model is used, its explanation should be included section the Methodology section. Once completed, you can begin to relax slightly: you are on to the last stages of writing! Читать статью and Figures A results table or figure will convey more information in how shorter amount of space then djssertation be done with text, which means that good graphics are key to a clean, concise Results section. Still, it may be useful if we focus zection each of them separately. The every increase dissertatino weight by 1 kg, self-esteem decreased by Reporting the results of focus groups Focus groups are similar to interviews, except write they are conducted with a group of people rather жмите сюда with one individual at a time. You want to be able to convey a lot of information in a small amount of space and distill your findings into a few key quotes or graphics.