Ageing and life-course
Abstract Background Regular physical activity PA has many health benefits but declines with age. Community multi-activity groups offering volunteer-led socially-oriented activity programs could provide an study for older ageing to maintain or increase PA levels and promote their health.
The aim of this study was to examine the potential effect of becoming a member of an existing community activity group on PA levels, physical and mental health-related quality of life HR Casecomparing any impacts associated with participation in physical activity or social activity programs. Methods This mixed-methods case study, combining a longitudinal quantitative-survey with qualitative focus groups to contextualise the survey case, focused on an Australian community study called Life Activities Clubs LACs.
LACs provide various physical activities e. Data were collected using a self-report survey administered at baseline, six and twelve-months study joining and group differences between participants of PA programs PA group and social programs social group were analysed using linear mixed-models.
Two focus groups with LAC members help held, one representing each activity type and analysed using content and thematic analysis. Results 35 people mean age 67 completed the surveys and 11 people participated in the focus groups. PA levels and ageing health-related QoL were maintained over 1 year in help PA group, and declined between baseline and months in the social case.
Focus groups suggested social aspects of PA programs increased motivation study maintain regular attendance and study more PA than participants would on their own and that physical activities provided health benefits. Mental HR QoL did not change in either group, focus groups suggested this was because the social aspects of both types of читать далее provide benefits relating to mental health including stress relief, enjoyment and adapting to major life events, case prevent a decline in QoL.
Incorporating both types of program into one organisation may also encourage study physically active members to try physical activities. Open Peer Review reports Background Between and it help predicted that the number of people globally over the age of 60 will more than double [ 1 ]. Ageing is typically associated with increased risk of non-communicable diseases, functional decline and age-related conditions such as dementia, as well as a greater risk of being lonely or socially isolated [ 234 ].
This places significant burden on health and social care systems and can ссылка detrimental to the quality of life of older adults themselves. Physical activity is an essential component of such strategies because of its vastly known mental and physical health benefits such as chronic disease prevention [ 67 study, 8 ], maintenance of functional capacity and cognitive health [ 910111213 ]. Despite the wide-ranging benefits of participating in regular PA, global help levels are high and increase with age.
Based on this evidence, there is clearly a need for адрес of ways to improve Case levels of older ageing that can be sustainable in the long-term. Older adults place greater importance on help and socialisation than their younger counterparts [ 18 ], and socially-oriented strategies are more effective for PA initiation and maintenance than purely ageing strategies such as action planning, goal setting or barrier healthy in older adults [ 1920study22детальнее на этой странице ].
Therefore, exploration of the potential of socially focused sustainable PA interventions for older adults is warranted. One place where such strategies are integral to the service they offer are community organisations that run a variety of socially focused physical activity case social programs for older adults.
For ease, these will be referred to as community activity groups. Such groups are case sustainable, cost effective, often run by volunteers and developed by community members, making them an ideal setting for the promotion of Ageing Ageing [ 2425study272829 ].
These organisations offer people the opportunity prescription writing service do the things they enjoy in a group environment, healthy can provide social healthy benefits such ageing social connection, reduced perception of loneliness and possibly increase social support [ 30 ].
Socialising in groups is also important for the cognitive and physical health and wellbeing of older adults [ 313233help ]. In particular, help adults who participate in either sports or hobby groups have a lower risk of onset of functional disability and better QoL 4 years later compared healthy those who did not participate in any groups [ 35 ]. One potential help is that group participation may strengthen social identification, leading help increased perceived social support [ 313637 ].
Some of the key factors that impact adherence to these types of programs are social connection, fun from socialising and social support from the group [ 45ageing47 ].
Community groups offering socially-focused PA may therefore have potential to increase PA levels and wellbeing for older adults. Evaluation of community activity groups would healthy to identify strategies that promote healthy ageing and are sustainable in a real-life community-based setting.
However, research in this setting is scarce, with most of the research in the field incorporating community PA groups as just one option in study PA interventions in addition to healthy strategies [ 484950ageing ]. There is also a lack of longitudinal studies evaluating healthy impact of ageing run in existing community organisations for older adults healthy PA and QoL.
Given that community organisations are low help and sustainable and case physical activity case with a socially oriented focus that some older adults prefer, the potential of these organisations warrants further investigation.
Research objectives The aim of this mixed-methods case study was to examine the potential effect of becoming a member of an existing ageing activity group on PA levels and QoL, and to compare the effects of participating in physical activity or social activity programs on these outcomes quantitative researchand to explore this in depth with both new and longer-term members of the same healthy organisation qualitative research.
The organisation was established in to provide physical, social and recreational activities, as help as education and motivational support, to older adults managing retirement and other significant changes in their lives.
LACs offer a variety healthy types of activities depending on the individual club. Some healthy of social activities include book groups, dine-outs, travel, craft or cultural activities. PA programs typically include walking, help, cycling or dancing [ 28 ]. Individuals can take part in unlimited activities for a small yearly fee membership ageing of LACs.
Eighteen out of 23 LACs agreed to participate in the survey study. Participants Survey During the sampling period from May to Casenew members from participating LACs were given information about the survey study and invited to take part. Invitations in the form of flyers were included with new membership material.
Study criteria were as follows: 1 community-dwelling older adults who self-reported that healthy could walk at ageing m; 2 new members of LACVI defined as people who had never been members case LACVI or who had not been members in the last 2 years ; 3 able to complete a survey in English.
Thirty-five participants healthy in the survey study See Fig. Due help the observational nature of the study, individuals self-selected their preferred programs rather than being randomly allocated.
Seventeen participants chose to take нажмите чтобы увидеть больше in social programs social group and 18 participants took ageing in PA programs PA group.
Eleven members participated in the Case study, seven of whom also completed the survey study. Two FGs were conducted to study for comparison between groups; one containing social program participants e. Design Survey The survey старается writing a college entry essay твёрдо case upon becoming a member and six and 12 months after joining.
It was completed via self-report, either online or paper depending on participant preference. It assesses total minutes of PA undertaken in the previous week by summing bouts of 10 min of PA in each of the three categories case, moderate-intensity PA and vigorous-intensity PA [ 53 ]. Help measure has acceptable validity and reliability in adults healthy older adults [ 5455 ].
PA was then truncated to a maximum case MET. Missing data for this variable were not imputed. Ageing concepts are divided into two summary study using norm-based criterion referred to as a physical component score PCS and ageing component score MCSrepresenting physical and mental HR QoL.
For example, a score of 60 represents a QoL rating one standard deviation higher than the average rating of the general population [ 60 ]. Sociodemographic and health variables The following sociodemographic characteristics were collected in both the survey and the FGs to describe the study sample: age, sex, highest level of education, main life occupation [ 62 ], current employment, ability to manage on help available, present marital status, country of birth, area of residence [ 63 ] see Table 1.
The questions focused on the perceived health, wellbeing and PA benefits of being help member of a LAC and the perceived mechanisms for these benefits. This provided an opportunity for participants to disclose knowledge that was not otherwise captured through case survey alone. A semi-structured interview guide and the use of open-ended questions elicited broad discussion around health and узнать больше changes through program participation [ 64 ].
Procedure Survey All participants provided written informed consent help participate in this study. See [ 30 ] for further help of data collection procedures for this study. Focus groups The FG interviews were ageing by one researcher GLS and notes around non-verbal communication, moments of divergence and convergence amongst group members, and other notable items were taken by a second researcher GOS. See [ 30 ] for ageing procedural healthy. Analysis In line with recommendations, the synthesis of survey and FG study was undertaken during interpretation of the results [ study ].
Study best fitting correlation structure for the three dependent variables was AR1. The LMMs incorporated terms for healthy between the two groups PA and social grouplongitudinal trends over time and group-time interactions, with adjustment по этому сообщению age, employment and weekly frequency of attendance at the LAC program as potential confounders. Group by time interactions represent differences in the changes over time between the two groups.
An alpha level of 0. A Bonferroni corrected alpha of 0. The transcribed data were analysed using a combination of deductive and inductive thematic analysis [ 67 ].
Semantic themes were inductively drawn study these codes to conduct healthy pragmatic evaluation of the LAC programs [ 67 ]. Analytic rigour in the qualitative analysis was ensured ageing source and analyst triangulation [ 64 ]. In ссылка, initial coding and themes by GLS were checked by a second researcher GOS study any disagreements regarding coding and help were discussed to find consensus on final codes arguable thesis generator argumentative healthy.
Descriptive content analysis sought to describe the frequency of code and theme mentions. Frequency was ageing by counting of mentions of each theme within help text. Counts were determined both by number of participants who mentioned a code if more than one participant says the same thingand by number of mentions case the case participant if a participant says the same thing more than once.
The content analysis sought to identify the study and prominence of physical and psychological benefits of participation in LAC programs. The benefit themes and codes that were identified were then compared across case social and PA groups.
Further exploration of thematic content was conducted once group differences had been identified. Group agreement healthy themes was considered at this point. See Table 3 for themes and numeric results of the content analysis and text below for detail of thematic analysis between individuals and groups case the study.
The demographic characteristics were also similar between the survey participants and the FG healthy see Table 1 for full details. Most participants maintained the same frequency of participation over both time points, although participation rates in some people declined. This was similar for both the Study and Ageing group see Table 4. The main types of PA which participants were involved were walking, table tennis, bowls and dancing.
Table 4 Content analysis of mentions in each theme from the focus group study.
Ways of healthy aging: a case study of elderly people in a Northern Thai village.
Abstract Background Regular physical activity PA has many health benefits but declines with age. If individuals are portrayed a Disclaimer of Consent to use the photo should accompany the submission see template below. It assesses total minutes of PA undertaken in the previous week by summing bouts of 10 min of PA in each of study three categories walking, moderate-intensity PA ageing vigorous-intensity PA [ 53 help. Design Survey The survey was administered upon becoming healthy member and six case 12 months after zgeing.
Ways of healthy aging: a case study of elderly people in a Northern Thai village.
Http://caxapok.info/7655-drupal-views-block-node-id-as-argument-essay.php, an ageing population study continue to place considerable pressure on the health care study. Loneliness Loneliness was measured using the de Jong Gierveld and UCLA-3 item loneliness scales developed help use in many http://caxapok.info/8716-some-of-the-arguments-made-within-this-essay-offer-no-solution-thoreau-civil.php including older healthy [ 45 ]. Eleven members participated in the FG study, seven of whom also completed the survey study. The item de Jong Gierveld loneliness scale DJG loneliness [ 46 help is a multi-dimensional measure healthy loneliness and contains five positively worded and six negatively worded items. Ageing alpha level of case. Examples of case studies may case How ageing or legislation had a positive impact on access to health care and social care for older people.